stalagmite


stalagmite
   1. Speleothem, normally of calcite, formed by upward growth from a cave floor, and therefore the complement of a stalactite. Stalagmites form when dripwater that is still saturated falls from a cave roof or stalactite and, when or after it lands, loses more carbon dioxide to the cave air, causing precipitation of calcite. They vary in size and shape, from tall thin towers to wide domes that grade into flowstone, the main controls being drip rate and height, and saturation levels of the water. The stalagmites of Aven Armand, France, are of the multiple splash-cup variety while being notably slender and up to 30m tall. Spectacularly massive stalagmites occur in the Carlsbad and Cottonwood Caves of New Mexico [9].
   2. Columnar or partly irregular deposit of calcite or aragonite on the floor of a cave or cavern formed by the precipitation of carbonates due to escape of CO2 from water dripping from the roof [20].
   3. A deposit of calcium carbonate rising from the floor of a limestone cave, formed by precipitation from a bicarbonate solution through loss of CO2. The water drops on the stalagmite from above. From Greek word meaning drip [10].
   Synonyms: (French.) stalagmite; (German.) Bodenzapfen, Stalagmit; (Greek.) stalagmitis; (Italian.) stalagmite; (Russian.) stalagmit; (Spanish.) estalagmita; (Turkish.) dikit; (Yugoslavian.) óulak, stojei kapnik, stalagmit.
   See also dripstone.

A Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology with Special Reference to Environmental Karst Hydrology. . 2002.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • stalagmite — [ stalagmit ] n. f. • 1644; du gr. stalagmos « écoulement goutte à goutte » ♦ Géol. Concrétion analogue à la stalactite, mais s élevant en colonne sur le sol. Sol couvert de stalagmites. Adj. STALAGMITIQUE . ● stalagmite nom féminin (grec… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Stalagmite — Sta*lag mite (st[.a]*l[a^]g m[imac]t), n. [Gr. sta lagma that which drops, a drop, fr. stala zein to drop: cf. F. stalagmite.] (Geol.) A deposit more or less resembling an inverted stalactite, formed by calcareous water dropping on the floors of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • stalagmite — (n.) 1680s, from Mod.L. stalagmites (Olaus Wormius), from Gk. stalagmos a dropping, or stalagma a drop, drip, from stalassein to trickle (see STALACTITE (Cf. stalactite)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • stalagmite — ► NOUN ▪ a mound or tapering column rising from the floor of a cave, formed of calcium salts deposited by dripping water. ORIGIN from Greek stalagma a drop , from stalassein to drip …   English terms dictionary

  • stalagmite — [stə lag′mīt, stal′əg mīt΄] n. [ModL stalagmites < Gr stalagmos, a dropping < stalassein, to drop or drip: see STALE2] a cone shaped, secondary mineral deposit built up on the floor of a cave by dripping water, often from a stalactite above …   English World dictionary

  • Stalagmite — Stalactite et stalagmite Une stalagmite est un spéléothème qui se forme sur le sol des grottes et souterrains par la chute lente et continue d eaux calcaires et par l effet splash de celles ci. Lorsque la stalagmite , en poursuivant sa lente… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • stalagmite — UK [ˈstæləɡmaɪt] / US [stəˈlæɡˌmaɪt] noun [countable] Word forms stalagmite : singular stalagmite plural stalagmites science a long pointed piece of rock that rises up from the floor of a cave, formed by chemicals in water drops that have fallen… …   English dictionary

  • stalagmite — stalactite, stalagmite A stalactite hangs down from the roof of a cave, and is formed from dripping water containing rich minerals. A stalagmite rises up from the floor and is formed from deposits also caused by dripping. Both words are derived… …   Modern English usage

  • Stalagmite — A stalagmite (from the Greek stalagma ( ), drop or drip ) is a type of speleothem that rises from the floor of a limestone cave due to the dripping of mineralized solutions and the deposition of calcium carbonate. . If these formations grow… …   Wikipedia

  • stalagmite — See stalactite, stalagmite …   Dictionary of problem words and expressions